## Summer Book Study – Week 4 – Chapter 4

Are you enjoying our Summer Book Study 2023 so far? I hope so…I know that I am. If you happened to need to catch up on any specific chapter, you can find them here:

This chapter starts to connect the geometry standards to play/activities in the classroom and how to make them intentional and purposeful. I found this to be so insightful, as the Geometry standards can sometimes be a challenge. And as pg 37 says, “Sometimes early grades teachers minimize attention to geometry because most children are able to quickly name a variety of shapes and even key attributes (such as the number of corners).” I love how this chapter explains how to teach and provide more in-depth experiences for this standard.

## Chapter 4 Take Aways

• Working with physical objects/hands-on helps students develop the mental representations that will help them with more abstract representations (drawings and written descriptions) late. (pg 37)
• Build vocabulary when talking about shapes and the relationship they have to each other; this will help in problem-solving later (pg 38)
• Provide students opportunities to explore, build and create and increase level of difficulty

## Highlights for Using Blocks & Legos

• Research proves that block play helps to develop spatial thinking and geometric reasoning (pg 38)
• Wooden blocks, Lego, Duplo, Unifix, magnetic blocks and snapping cubes are all perfect for exploring Geometry.
• Provide simple and more complex diagrams for students to use, but don’t require it.
• Make sure that ALL students get opportunities to use building materials; they are not Gender Specific
• Ask questions about the structures/units being created and encourage the use of mathematical terms, such as edge, face, triangular, etc.
• Provide or give opportunities for students to share what they built and allow others to ask questions about it

## Puzzles

• Puzzles allow little learners to recognize shapes despite their orientation and to match the holes. (pg 43)
• Little Learners NEED puzzles! And research states that children who played with puzzles (at certain ages) performed better on a test of spatial skills. (pg 43)
• More exposure to puzzles, increases the skill of recognizing, manipulating shapes and composing/decomposing figures. (pg 43)
• First, puzzles are solved by trial and error. Then little learners progress to using strategies to solve puzzles more intentionally. Eventually, students will have the ability to hold a mental image of a geometric figure. (pg 43)
• Puzzle frames for pattern blocks are a great way for little learners find success with 2D and 3D shapes
• Scaffold puzzles and offer challenges throughout the school year; talk about strategies used to complete

## Dolls and Housekeeping

• Pretend play is IMPORTANT! It develops ways of thinking that support mathematical understandings broadly. (pg 48)
• Placemats with places to set plate, fork, cup, etc., give students opportunities to match 2D representations to 3D objects. – Find HERE
• Play food that is ‘cut’, gives little learners visual and hands-on practice for composing and decomposing shapes
• Folding blankets or napkins encourages lines of symmetry
• Measuring cups and fillers, such as rice or large size pasta

## Final Thoughts

• Centers/Stations/Free Play is so very important for young learners!
• You CAN make it intentional, purposeful and meet the standards authentically.
• ALL students should have an opportunity to ‘work’ in each station and with every type of materials, regardless of gender.
• Providing open play opportunities, allows little learners where exploration and discovery takes place authentically.
• Encourage mathematical terminology and vocabulary
• Ask questions and model what it looks like to observe and ask
• Facilitate opportunities for students to share and talk about what they created/built
• Use picture books to encourage experimenting and creativity
• Play simple games, like, What is in the Bag? (Describe attributes and features; students can also do the describing)
• Explicit instruction and gradual release model is NECESSARY and a VITAL part of Learning!

### One Response

1. Excellent analysis of Chapter 4! Your reflections and takeaways provide a deeper understanding of the geometry standards. Fantastic blog!

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